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Frequently Asked Questions
- What is YUTE - Youth Upliftment Through Employment
- Who is behind it?
- Will it be sustainable? What happens after 2 years?
- Why is it different?
- If you have so many partners working on the ground, isn’t there confusion – how do you ensure no confusion and that what you want to get done gets done?
- How many jobs?
- Why should we invest approx J$400m ($200m cash and $200m in kind (non-jobs) to put 1,295 young people in jobs and make 1,000 employable?
- How are participants chosen?
- Why is the focus only Kingston? How can I organize this in my community?
- Coordinated by a Jamaican private sector-led coalition, YUTE is a holistic programme designed to empower young people in troubled communities by:
- Improving their employability through mentorship and skills upgrading
- Providing opportunities for gainful employment – work experience and real jobs
- It zeroes in on some of the root causes of violence and unemployment among young people through an aggressive 2 year programmatic approach.
- Phase1, January 2011 – June 2013 of the programme is being implemented in eight Kingston communities:
1. Lead by the PSOJ and with support from private sector organizations. (MSME Alliance, JEA, JMA, JCC)
2. Endorsed by the PIOJ as a ‘good fit’ with the Community Renewal Programme
3. Governed by an Advisory Council that consists of: Joseph M. Matalon C.D., Vitus Evans, Omar Azan, Milton J Samuda, Rosalea Hamilton, Dr. Gladstone Hutchinson, Very Rev. Monsignor Gregory Ramkisoon OJ, Hon. R. Danny Williams OJ, Frances Madden, Basil Parker, Brian Denning, Hon Beverly Lopez OJ.
There can be two levels to the sustainability:
1. Level 1 – The primary clients. If we put 1,300 – 2,000 in jobs and at least 1,000 of those become long term, then we have created ‘sustainability’ for our primary client the young person.
2. Level II – The programme is creating the much spoken about rarely achieved public private partnership. This explains interest of IDPs in the programme. It is likely to be something that with the right placed proposal following a strong mid term evaluation there will be major funding support.
3. Level II – Success is going to be critical, if based on the tracer studies there is evidence of an improvement in the quality of lives and secondly that communities participating are also seeing a difference there will be additional funding possibility
4. The JOB has the potential to be the greatest spin off as an activity operated not for profit but with revenue to manage as a commercial activity and provide the matching services.
1. YUTE is different because it ‘closes a circle’ - most initiatives focus on training, including community based training, but do not give the participant a long term solution which will mover her/him forward.
a. E.g. of ‘closing the circle’: for the entrepreneurship stream YUTE provides the learning, incubator experience, the access to financing, and ongoing business support for a 2 year period.
2. The YUTE Programme is community based. In seeking to make a difference in the lives of unattached young persons, it also seeks to achieve a shift in their respective communities by impacting family and friends.
3. YUTE will track and monitor every participant who moves through the programme, providing support through a structured mentorship programme for the 2 years. YUTE is structured to provide options for a participant if s/he wants to continue in the programme.
4. YUTE calls for partnerships at every juncture of the programme. Building on good practices of non government and government agencies, on earlier interventions for youth at risk.
5. YUTE has a series of streams which ensures that there opportunities for all who are eligible for the programme.
6. U-Turn is a unique stream in that it creates a long term engagement for the young persons who are the most vulnerable. In addition to extended residential camp environments, specialist interventions it will give the ‘graduate’ an assigned ‘shadow’ who will monitor and provide support for a period of 12 month post camp.
1. During the design of YUTE several partners were involved and elements of the programme reflect their feedback. This buy in makes working on the ground easier.
2. The Project Management Office - PMO- will create MOUs with partners to implement specific pieces of the programme.
3. The PMO will co ordinate work and ensure delivery.
1. In reality there is a need for 2,000 work opportunities with 50% of them being long term opportunities, well established enterprises, then apprenticeship and internships.
1. In designing the programme, cost per participant for result was considered and for YUTE this programme cost participant is lower than two leading Jamaica programmes. (Other programmes e.g. USAID supported Aganar where the cost per participant is higher, and there is no attempt to prepare the person for a job opportunity.
2. To note that there are another 1,000 participants who will move into employment opportunities, they are not counted as employed in the programme document because they would only move to that zone outside the 2 year pe riod.
3. With the average house hold size of 5.2 in inner city communities the social impact and the expenditure of J$400M you begin to multiply the gain, if we tie back the matter of unemployment, hopelessness to incidences of violence and crime then you can explain the ‘pay back ‘ form the investment.
4. Demonstration of what is possible by having young persons who have completed training and are subsequently employed or operating an enterprise will give the encouragement to others to complete their studies. In speaking with participants a big reason for the drop out from the school/training system is ‘why bother’.
1. Participants for the first round were invited to pre register the Initiation Team worked with NGOs, CBOs and Community Leaders. In addition some parents heard about the process they registered their children or some young persons heard about the programme and came to the pre registration sessions.
2. Not all pre registered were invited to attend. Those excluded were in school, working or outside the age cohort. NOTE: Some of those who were over 29 will be invited to consider to act as Community Business Development Aides.
3. NGOs and CBOs based on their experience in the community recommended participants for U-Turn.
1. It would not have been possible to roll out this programme with all its complexities in more than one geographic zone. Constraints would be financial resources and capacity to implement.
2. To achieve impact it was better to select a set number of communities and attempt reach an average of 200 young persons in each community.
3. The PMO would be available when work in this programme is underway to work with a group of communities to do a variation of the YUTE programme, scaled to match the geographic area, resources available and the size of the target population.
4. The PMO will also be building a LLM (Lessons Learned Matrix) throughout the programme to be able to refine and develop a template for rolling out YUTE throughout other relevant communities in Jamaica.